Tashkent is located in the north-eastern part of Uzbekistan, at an altitude of 440-480m above the sea level. All its 2000-year history Tashkent played a significant cultural, religious and economic role in the Central Asian region. As an important trading center on the Silk Road, Tashkent was the link between different civilizations and cultures.
Advantageous geographical location in the center of Tashkent oasis at the confluence of Syrdarya River with its tributaries Chirchik and Akhangaran provided a basis for of agricultural civilization already in the first millennium BC. Archaeological excavations of the religious buildings and city walls provide a clear picture of the typical architecture of the ancient city of the East.Archaeologists have found pottery, round bronze mirrors, hair clips depicting a camel, which give reason to judge that the locals were related to the nomadic tribes of the Volga and the Ural Mountains.
The first information about Tashkent as a city was mentioned in the Chinese sources of the 2nd Century BC. The Chinese called this city “Uni”.
During archaeological excavations in the settlement Mingyuruk (1st Century BC - 7th Century AD) by archeologists was found a palace with the halls, corridors, fire temple, decorated with frescoes in Sogdian style. "Mingyuruk" is translated as "a thousand apricots ", because near the ruins of the ancient city in the recent past were orchards of locals. From the settlement to our days is survived only a small hill by size 100x80 meters. The city was destroyed in the 8th Century by the Arabs. Because of the destruction of the water system, people had to leave this place. 
From the end of the 10th Century to the mid of the 12th Century Chach (Shash) was part of Karakhanids Empire. During the rule of this dynasty city was named by its modern name - Tashkent. This name can be translated as "stone city". In the Chinese chronicles of that period the city was known as Shi (stone). Lapis lazuli and turquoise, and along with the silver were considered the main wealth of neighborhood Chatkal mountains.
At the beginning of 13th Century, the city was destroyed by the troops of Khorezmshah Muhammad. During the Mongol invasion (1220), Tashkent was already half-ruined city.

In the 14th - 15th Centuries Tashkent became a part of Timurid Empire and was turned into the important northern outpost.
In the early 16th Century, after the collapse of the Timurid state, Tashkent became part of Sheibanids Empire. The city was surrounded by the new wall. During the reign of Sheibanids in the city were built a large number of buildings, some of them have survived to our days. For example Kukeldash madrasah and Hast Imam Complex.
Since the 18th Century Tashkent was a part of the Kokand Khanate. Due to the close trade relations between Russia and the Khanate of Kokand, Tashkent had rapid economic growth. In 1865, Tashkent became part of the Russian Empire. 
Historically, Tashkent is divided into two parts, separated by canal Ankhor: Old Town and New Town. In the Old Town majority of population were craftsmen, the new city became an industrial center.
In 1924 was founded the Socialist Republic of Uzbekistan, the capital was moved from Samarkand to Tashkent in 1930.
After independence, Tashkent got a new appearance: were founded parks, streets were widened, were built modern office buildings and houses.
Tashkent - a modern city with oriental atmosphere, the city of Peace and Friendship, is the true "Pearl of the Orient."