Silk paper

Production of paper from the bark of the mulberry tree (so-called " silk paper ") appeared in the 8th century in Samarkand. City became the first paper manufacturing center in Central Asia. Before this the locals used papyrus and parchment. But these materials were very expensive to produce and not heavy-duty. In 750, at the Battle of Talas Arabs captured among Chinese prisoners also craftsmen, who were moved to the suburb of Samarkand, called nowadays - Koni Gil. And here for the first time in Central Asia papermaking was founded.
Priceless manuscripts of eminent scholars such as Abu Ali Ibn Sina, Al Biruni and Al Fargani were written on this type of paper. And thanks to the unique quality of the paper, these manuscripts have survived till today.
Unfortunately, during the Soviet era paper production technology has been almost forgotten. Only in the early 90s of the last century with the efforts of the Association of Artisans “Meros“ in Samarkand was founded paper making workshop. With the help of UNESCO and the Foundation for Support of artisans (USA) near the town in the small village of Koni Gil was built watermill for the production of paper. The place was not chosen by chance, before here were also situated many workshops for the production of paper.
The secret of such kind of paper’s texture directly associated with a specific production method. Although the process of making paper at first glance seems simple, but in fact it is quite time and labor consuming process.